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CAS: 68359-37-5

How can this chemical affect my health?

Acute (Short Term) EffectsData sources

Toxic To Humans & Animals priority 3
Toxic to Humans & Animals – Can be fatal on contact, ingestion or inhalation for humans and other mammals.
Irritates The Eyes priority 4
Irritates the Eyes – Can cause irritation or serious damage to the eye.
Irritates The Skin priority 4
Irritates the Skin – Can cause irritation or serious damage to the skin.

Data sources:

Direct Hazard » Toxic to Humans & Animals

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H300 - Fatal if swallowed
    Regulation on the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP) Annex 6 Table 3-1 - GHS Hazard code criteria
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H330 - Fatal if inhaled
    Regulation on the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP) Annex 6 Table 3-1 - GHS Hazard code criteria
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H331 - Toxic if inhaled
    Regulation on the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP) Annex 6 Table 3-1 - GHS Hazard code criteria
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H300 - Fatal if swallowed
    GHS - Australia
    Safe Work Australia
  • H330 - Fatal if inhaled
    GHS - Australia
    Safe Work Australia
  • Acute toxicity (inhalation: dust, mist) - Category 2 [H330]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • Acute toxicity (inhalation) - Category 2 [H330 - Fatal if inhaled]
    GHS - Korea
    Republic of Korea - National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER)
  • 6.1B (inhalation) - Acutely toxic
    New Zealand HSNO Chemical Classifications (GHS)
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • H331 - Toxic if inhaled
    GHS - Australia
    Safe Work Australia
  • Acute toxicity (oral) - Category 3 [H301 - Toxic if swallowed]
    GHS - Korea
    Republic of Korea - National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER)
  • 6.1C (oral) - Acutely toxic
    New Zealand HSNO Chemical Classifications (GHS)
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • Acute Toxicity (oral) - Category 4 [H302]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • FIFRA Registered Pesticide
    Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) Registered Pesticides (Selections)
    US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA)

Direct Hazard » Irritates the Eyes

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • 6.4A - Irritating to the eye (Cat. 2A)
    New Zealand HSNO Chemical Classifications (GHS)
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • Serious eye damage / eye irritation - Category 2 [H319]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan

Direct Hazard » Irritates the Skin

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • 6.3B - Mildly irritating to the skin
    New Zealand HSNO Chemical Classifications (GHS)
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)

Chronic (Long Term) EffectsData sources

Birth Defects priority 3
Birth Defects – Can cause harm to the developing child including birth defects, low birth weight and biological or behavioral problems that appear as the child grows.
Endocrine Disruption priority 3
Endocrine Disruption – Can interfere with hormone communication between cells which controls metabolism, development, growth, reproduction and behavior (the endocrine system).
Asthma Trigger priority 3
Asthma Trigger – Can result in high sensitivity so that small quantities trigger asthma, nose or sinus inflammation or other allergic reactions in the respiratory system.
Other Health Effects priority 3
Other Health Effects – Can cause serious damage on contact or ingestion.
Reproductive Harm priority 7
Reproductive Harm – Can disrupt the male or female reproductive systems, changing sexual development, behavior or functions, decreasing fertility, or resulting in loss of the fetus during pregnancy.

Data sources:

Direct Hazard » Birth Defects

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • Pregnancy Risk Group C
    List of Substances with MAK & BAT Values & Categories
    MAK Commission of Germany (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)

Direct Hazard » Endocrine Disruption

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • Potential Endocrine Disruptor
    TEDX (The Endocrine Disruption eXchange) List of Potential Endocrine Disruptors
    The Endocrine Disruption Exchange (TEDX)

Direct Hazard » Other Health Effects

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following single exposure - Category 1 [H370]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • 6.9A (oral) - Toxic to human target organs or systems (Cat. 1)
    New Zealand HSNO Chemical Classifications (GHS)
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • Specific target organs/systemic toxicity following repeated exposure - Category 1 [H372]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan

Direct Hazard » Reproductive Harm

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • 6.8C - Produce toxic human reproductive or developmental effects on or via lactation
    New Zealand HSNO Chemical Classifications (GHS)
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • Toxic to reproduction - Category 2 [H361]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan

Pyrethroids » Asthma Trigger

These sources refer to a group of compounds containing this chemical:

  • Asthma - allergen, sensitizer - good evidence
    Toxicant and Disease Database
    Collaborative on Health and the Environment (CHE)

Inherent HazardsData sources

Restricted List priority 5
Restricted List – This chemical is on a list from an authoritative body recommending that its use be avoided.

Data sources:

Direct Hazard » Restricted List

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • Substances selected for RMOA or hazard assessment
    Public Activities Coordination Tool for Risk Management Option Analysis
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • Chemicals of High Concern
    Minnesota Department of Health - Chemicals of High Concern and Priority Chemicals
    Minnesota Department of Public Health

Antimicrobials In Gspi's 6 Classes » Restricted List

These sources refer to a group of compounds containing this chemical:

  • Antimicrobials
    Six Classes of Problematic Chemicals
    Green Science Policy Institute (GSPI)

How does this chemical impact the environment?Data sources

Immediate Harm To Aquatic Ecosystems priority 3
Immediate Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems – A single exposure may result in severe biological harm or death to fish or other aquatic organisms.
Long-term Harm To Aquatic Ecosystems priority 3
Long-Term Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems – Long term exposure may result in irreversible harm to fish or other aquatic organisms.
Harmful To Land Ecosystems priority 3
Harmful to Land Ecosystems – Can cause harm to land based plants, animals or microorganisms.

Data sources:

Direct Hazard » Immediate Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life
    Regulation on the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP) Annex 6 Table 3-1 - GHS Hazard code criteria
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) - Category 1 [H400]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • Hazardous to the aquatic environment (acute) - Category 1 [H400 - Very toxic to aquatic life]
    GHS - Korea
    Republic of Korea - National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER)
  • 9.1A (crustacean) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment
    New Zealand HSNO Chemical Classifications (GHS)
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 9.1A (fish) - Very ecotoxic in the aquatic environment
    New Zealand HSNO Chemical Classifications (GHS)
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)

Direct Hazard » Long-Term Harm to Aquatic Ecosystems

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
    Regulation on the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP) Annex 6 Table 3-1 - GHS Hazard code criteria
    European Union / European Commission (EU EC)
  • H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
    GHS - Australia
    Safe Work Australia
  • Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 1 [H410]
    GHS - Japan
    Government of Japan
  • Hazardous to the aquatic environment (chronic) - Category 1 [H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects]
    GHS - Korea
    Republic of Korea - National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER)

Direct Hazard » Harmful to Land Ecosystems

These sources refer directly to this chemical:

  • 9.4A - Very ecotoxic to terrestrial invertebrates
    New Zealand HSNO Chemical Classifications (GHS)
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)
  • 9.3B - Ecotoxic to terrestrial vertebrates
    New Zealand HSNO Chemical Classifications (GHS)
    New Zealand Environmental Protection Authority (NZ EPA)

What safer alternatives are available for this chemical?

Information on safer alternatives is currently fairly limited, and not easily accessible or linked to information on chemicals in the workplace. Where we have information on safer alternatives, ChemHAT will display links to existing case studies of safer alternatives for the chemical.

How am I likely to be exposed to this chemical?

Fatal if swallowed
Ingestion
Fatal if inhaled
Inhalation

How can I protect myself from exposure to this chemical in the workplace?

suit
Protective clothing
respirator
Respirator